People who can’t seem to keep their smiles on are more likely to develop depression and anxiety.
As well as having a tendency to have lower self-esteem, they are also more likely than others to develop depressive symptoms and anxiety, according to a new study.
The study, published in the Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, looked at the prevalence of depression and social anxiety in adults aged between 20 and 59 years.
Researchers at the University of York looked at data on depression and depression symptoms from nearly 17,000 adults aged from 18 to 69 years.
They found that a greater percentage of people who had symptoms of depression or social anxiety developed depressive symptoms than those with no symptoms.
Those who had at least one symptom of depression were also more than twice as likely to have depression and more than three times as likely in the case of social anxiety.
This makes sense, given the risk factors, said the researchers.
“These are risks that are associated with social anxiety, and in particular, with low self-worth,” said Dr Anne L. White, from the University’s Department of Psychology.
The research also found that those who had social anxiety had a higher rate of depression symptoms and an increased likelihood of having more depressive symptoms.
“People with depression are often more likely, in terms of severity of symptoms, to develop social anxiety,” said Professor White.
“That is because depression symptoms tend to be more severe and more frequent.”
Dr White said that people with depression have a “hard time finding it in themselves to engage in behaviour or express themselves that is socially acceptable”.
“So they feel like they’re failing in this regard, and they’re often feeling anxious, and we know that anxiety can cause depression symptoms, so people with depressive symptoms tend be more likely and more likely in terms, for example, of having low self esteem and low social esteem,” she said.
“We know that social anxiety can also cause depression and that anxiety is linked to depression symptoms.”
“But, in some cases, we know social anxiety has also been linked to a higher risk of developing depression and a higher chance of developing social anxiety.”‘
They were crying out for help’There is evidence that stress can cause a range of health issues, including depression.
Dr White said the research was particularly relevant to mental health issues because it looked at people in their late 20s or early 30s.
“It’s very interesting that the higher rates of depression we see among people who are depressed or social anxious are more pronounced in those younger people,” she explained.
“What’s interesting is that we know depression is a common mental health condition that affects people in older age, and so we think there’s some biological mechanisms here.”
Dr Black said that there was also research that suggested that stress may have a biological component.
“If you look at people who have depression, you see that they are more vulnerable to stress, and that they’re more likely not to respond to their symptoms with medication, or they’re less likely to seek help,” she added.
“But there are other studies that suggest that stress itself may play a role in depression and may be associated with anxiety.
So we think that we may know that there’s something about stress that might be associated.”
Dr Lianne F. White is a lecturer in the School of Psychology at the Australian National University.